Dexamethasone stress dose steroids

In cerebral edema , Dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection is generally administered initially in a dosage of 10 mg intravenously followed by 4 mg every six hours intramuscularly until the symptoms of cerebral edema subside. Response is usually noted within 12 to 24 hours and dosage may be reduced after two to four days and gradually discontinued over a period of five to seven days. For palliative management of patients with recurrent or inoperable brain tumors, maintenance therapy with either Dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection or Dexamethasone tablets in a dosage of 2 mg two or three times daily may be effective.

A wide range of psychiatric reactions including affective disorders (such as irritable, euphoric, depressed and labile mood and suicidal thoughts), psychotic reactions (including mania, delusions, hallucinations and aggravation of schizophrenia), behavioural disturbances, irritability, anxiety, sleep disturbances and cognitive dysfunction including confusion and amnesia have been reported. Reactions are common and may occur in both adults and children. In adults, the frequency of severe reactions has been estimated to be 5-6%. Psychological effects have been reported on withdrawal of corticosteroids; the frequency is unknown.

Suggested doses :
Large joints: 2 to 4 mg
Small joints: to 1 mg
Bursae: 2 to 4 mg
Tendon Sheaths: to 1 mg

Injections may be repeated from once every 3 to 5 days to once every 2 to 3 weeks

Comments:
-Dose will vary according to the degree of inflammation and the size and location of the affected site.
-Intrasynovial and soft tissue injections should be limited to 1 or 2 sites; frequent intra-articular injections may cause damage to joint tissue.

Use: As adjunctive therapy for an acute episode or exacerbation of synovitis of osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, acute and subacute bursitis, acute gouty arthritis, epicondylitis, acute nonspecific tenosynovitis, and posttraumatic osteoarthritis.

Dexamethasone stress dose steroids

dexamethasone stress dose steroids

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