Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis can affect other parts of the body besides the colon. Unfortunately, the health of your teeth and gums can also suffer if you’ve been diagnosed with the inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Unlike ulcerative colitis that is also a form of IBD, Crohn’s disease can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract including the lips, mouth and even the esophagus, but either form of IBD can cause symptoms other than bowel disease. Some medications cause your mouth, tongue or throat to be sore or develop ulcers and other oral problems.
Even though anabolic steroids do not cause the same high as other drugs, they can lead to addiction. Studies have shown that animals will self-administer steroids when they have the chance, just as they do with other addictive drugs. People may continue to abuse steroids despite physical problems, high costs to buy the drugs, and negative effects on their relationships. These behaviors reflect steroids' addictive potential. Research has further found that some steroid users turn to other drugs, such as opioids, to reduce sleep problems and irritability caused by steroids.
Michael A. Ball, DVM, completed an internship in medicine and surgery and an internship in anesthesia at the University of Georgia in 1994, a residency in internal medicine, and graduate work in pharmacology at Cornell University in 1997, and was on staff at Cornell before starting Early Winter Equine Medicine & Surgery located in Ithaca, . He is also an FEI veterinarian and works internationally with the United States Equestrian Team. Ball authored Understanding The Equine Eye , Understanding Basic Horse Care , and Understanding Equine First Aid , published by Eclipse Press and available at or by calling 800/582-5604.