Simple chronic bronchitis has a generally good prognosis. With smoking cessation and vigorous treatment early on, the disease can be reversible. However, recovery time from episodes of acute bronchitis or pneumonia will be longer than normal. Individuals with chronic obstructive bronchitis usually become permanently disabled at some point even with treatment and smoking cessation. Shortness of breath, declining lung function, airflow obstruction, and increasingly frequent complications gradually worsen and can be common. Alternatives Other diagnoses with similarities to chronic bronchitis are asthma, emphysema , acute bronchitis , bronchiectasis , and pneumonia. Tuberculosis, lung cancer, pulmonary embolism, and AIDS-related complex are other possibilities. Appropriate specialists Pulmonologist and infectious disease specialist. Notify your physician if
Bronchitis is a viral infection that can last from 6 weeks to 2 years. Symptoms include difficulty breathing and a hacking cough that produces phlegm. Acute bronchitis may be accompanied by an upper respiratory infection. Chronic bronchitis, most often seen in heavy smokers, can lead to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Bronchitis is treated with rest, plenty of fluids, and avoiding smoking and fumes. In chronic cases, inhaled steroids and oxygen supplementation may be necessary. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage of how bronchitis is contracted, its symptoms, how to treat it, and much more.
Polycythemia (elevated red blood cell count) is a rare blood disease in which the body produces too many red blood cells. Causes of polycythemia are either primary (acquired or genetic mutations) or secondary (diseases, conditions, high altitude). Examples of primary polycythemia include: